The Cappadocia is a very famous destination as it has many areas with its unique geological, historic and cultural features.
Erosion shaped the incredible landscape of Cappadocia Valley where has included four cities today; Nevsehir, Nigde, Aksaray, Kayseri. Thousands years ago, Humans had taken a cue from Mother Nature and begun carving an amazing chamber and tunnel complex into the soft rock.
Volcanic eruptions blanketed this region with thick ash which had solidified into a soft rock (called tuff) tens of feet thick during the antiquity. Wind and water had worked a lot on that plateau by leaving only its harder elements behind to forming a fairy tale landscape of cones, pillars, pinnacles, mushrooms and chimneys which stretch as far as 40 meters (130 feet) into sky.
But also humans had performed equally amazing works here. A huge network of human hands -created caves such as living areas, places of worship, stables, kitchens, storehouses had all dug into the soft stone and honeycombed this wonderland Also they had formed tunnel complexes as underground cities entire towns with as many as eight different stories hidden underground.Follow Us by Facebook
Cappadocia had been inhabited as early as the Hitits era from 1800 to 1200BC. Later it had sat uncomfortably on the boundary between rival empires; first Greeks and Persians and then Eastern Romans and a host of rivals. Because of being in different hands, they needed hiding places and had found them by tunneling into the rock itself.
The Site became so important religious capital during the early ages of Christianity in the middle of Asia Minor. The people had excavated extensive dwellings, monasteries. And had created Byzantine frescoes and mosaics in the cave churches during the beginning of 7th century which has endured in well-preserved isolation to present days. Cappadocia has very rich history. Most of those carved churches, living areas from ancient times have been used as museums such as Goreme, Zelve valleys and some others. But also some of them have still served as homes, restaurants, hotels which offer a truly unique hospitality experience.
How to Get There
This Cappadocia is in the list of UNESCO as a World Heritage and very easy to reach there. There are many daily domestic flights from Istanbul to Kayseri and Nevsehir Airport every day. Also Long distance buses from different cities to here run regularly. But Flight is the easiest and fastest to get there.
When to Visit
Cappadocia has been settled on a high dry plateau in the middle of Turkey. It has hot dry summers and cold snowy winters. It has high season the all year round with many visitors from all over the world.
How to Visit
Attending group tours or customized tours with private guide and van are the best choices to understand the region. It is a huge valley and takes minimum 2 full days to explore the Cappadocia with a private guide who is the expert of the area. The most important towns and destinations in Cappadocia are Goreme, Urgup, Avanos, Ihlara Valley, Pasabag, Uchisar, Zelve Valleys. Also Derinkuyu, Kaymaklı and Ozkonak underground cities are worth seeing. The best historical mansions and cave houses as boutique hotels to stay in Cappadocia are in Urgup, Goreme, Avanos, Uchisar and Guzelyurt (Monestry Valley).
Hot-Air Ballooning is very famous attraction in Cappadocia. It is advised doing this activity during the sun rising. It is much better and safier to book from very well-known companies who are really professional in Hot air ballooning for safety.